Developing resources and education opportunities for the white collar criminal defense bar is also a top priority. Through cutting edge white collar CLE programs, an active white collar crime discussion community, and an engaged white collar defense committee, NACDL brings together the best-informed criminal defense attorneys to share information and strategy. Exclusive for NACDL Members, NACDL maintains a briefs and motions bank dealing specifically with white collar crime. The White Collar Department also conducts webinars and publishes cutting-edge policy analysis on emerging issues in white collar enforcement.
Detailed information about NACDL’s white collar initiatives and links to resources can be found on the following pages.
- Overcriminalization Reform
- Federal Discovery Reform
- Conspiracy Reform
- Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA)
- Forfeiture Reform
- Prosecutorial Misconduct
- Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)
- Advocacy Letters & Testimony
- White Collar Amicus Briefs
- Federal Legislation
- Mens Rea Pending State Legislation
- Priority Federal Legislation
- White Collar Sentencing
- White Collar Issue Areas
- White Collar Education
- White Collar Discussion Group (members only)
- NACDL Legal Resource Center
- White Collar On The Web
- White Collar Crime Prof Blog
Tiffany May Joslyn White Collar Crime Policy Externship/Internship
The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers is looking for an enthusiastic and productive law student intern with a commitment to criminal defense issues to engage in a variety of projects related to federal policy analysis, nonprofit advocacy, and criminal defense scholarship. The Tiffany May Joslyn White Collar Crime Policy Internship was created in memory and honor of Tiffany Joslyn’s significant contributions to the cause of criminal justice reform, particularly in the areas of white collar and regulatory crime, overcriminalization, and the erosion of due process protections in the criminal justice system. This internship will afford a law student specifically interested in the area of white collar crime and policy with the opportunity to work directly with and learn first-hand from leaders in the field at NACDL. Learn more about this opportunity.
On May 26, 2016, NACDL co-hosted a free law and policy symposium with the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Institute for Legal Reform entitled The Enforcement Maze: Over-Criminalizing American Enterprise. The day-long symposium featured key leaders from industry, academy, law, and policy across the political spectrum. Together they addressed the rise of overcriminalization, the inappropriate criminalizing of civil and regulatory matters, why laws need criminal intent requirements, fundamental flaws with the plea bargaining process, criminal discovery abuses and inadequacies of the grand jury process, as well as the use of certain pressures associated with enforcement against business and corporate individuals. For more information, see videos and commentary about the symposium.
At its spring 2015 meeting in Las Vegas, NACDL’s Board of Directors unanimously approved a resolution on criminal conspiracy law reform. The resolution is guided by a position paper drafted by NACDL’s Conspiracy Reform Subcommittee and adopts the recommendations therein. Before approving the resolution, the Board received a presentation by Subcommittee Co-Chairs Steven Morrison and John Cline on the flawed nature of existing criminal conspiracy law and the critical need for reform. The presentation focused on how existing conspiracy law results in possible constitutional violations, evidentiary unreliability, and false convictions. The Co-Chairs also presented the recommendations contained in the position paper, which would address, among other things, the overt act requirement, jury instructions, Pinkerton liability, and more. Read the Board resolution.
On November 17, 2014, at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, NACDL officially released its latest report, Material Indifference: How Courts Are Impeding Fair Disclosure in Criminal Cases, a major study produced jointly with the VERITAS Initiative at Santa Clara Law School. Complete copies of the report, executive summary, and fact sheet are available at www.nacdl.org/discoveryreform/materialindifference. Watch C-SPAN3's video coverage of the launch event.
Cross-Examination Trial Pack
NACDL’s new Cross-Examination Trial Pack includes three of our best-selling Cross-Examination resources: “Damage Control: Situational Cross-Examination Techniques Trial Guide”, "Ultimate Cross 2.0: Audio Recordings & Written Materials" and "Sample Cross-Examination Questions."
This masterful collection of cross-examination resources provide countless tips, techniques and strategies for a variety of criminal case-specific scenarios. Learn to cross-examine a variety of trial witnesses!
NACDL 2024 Annual Pass - All CLE Institute Programs
NACDL's 2024 Annual Pass gives you full access to the recordings of every CLE Institue live training seminar held in 2024! That means every CLE speech, presentation and training - along with all accompanying written materials - is yours for over 50% off! With this exclusive pass, you gain unlimited access to a treasure-trove of recent NACDL Trial Skills training that will help you win more cases!
A Defender's Guide to Federal Evidence - 2nd Edition
This brand-new 2nd Edition 2024 Guide to Federal Evidence is the only federal evidence handbook written exclusively for criminal defense lawyers. The updated 2024 Guide analyzes each Federal Rule of Evidence and outlines the main evidentiary issues that confront criminal defense lawyers. It also summarizes countless defense favorable cases and provides tips on how to avoid common evidentiary pitfalls. The 2nd Edition Guide contains multiple new and updated user-friendly flowcharts aimed at helping the criminal defense lawyer tackle evidence problems.
Sexual Assault Trial Skills Training Collection - 40+ Hours of Content!
NACDL's "Sexual Assault Trial Skills Training Collection" is the definitive aggregation of our 4 highest-rated and most current Sex Cases CLE trainings (2019, 2021, 2022 & 2023 ed.) and contains our most comprehensive and up-to-date assembly of sex cases trainings that NACDL has ever put together! Containing 49 separate trial skills trainings, thousands of pages of written materials and over 40+ hours of practical and pragmatic content, this collection guides you through the most intimidating sexual assault criminal trial topics.
White Collar Crime Policy: DOJ Issues New Corporate Guidelines and Pilot Program
on Employee Compensation Clawbacks
Department of Justice guidance issued in March 2023 provided prosecutors with a set of criteria to use when evaluating the compliance programs of corporations facing a resolution to criminal charges, such as a plea agreement, deferred prosecution agreement, or non-prosecution agreement.
Using Rule 17(c) to Obtain Materials From Third Parties
Rule 17 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure provides the only means for a criminal defendant to obtain materials from third parties. Despite its broad language, the courts’ application of Rule 17 over the years has seriously limited its usefulness. Marci LaBranche and Carey Bell discuss problems with how the rule has been applied, the current state of Rule 17(c) practice, and how to make a record that encourages change.
Intended Loss Under the Sentencing Guidelines
The Sentencing Guidelines provide for an increase in the offense level for most fraud or theft offenses based on the amount of “loss” determined by the court. Loss is not defined in the Sentencing Guidelines. However, the commentary defines loss as “the greater of actual loss or intended loss.” Megan Siddall explores a new argument that loss should be limited to actual loss – and not intended loss – in the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision in Kisor v. Wilkie.
Guarding and Utilizing Mobile Phone Data: A Guide for White Collar Practitioners
White collar lawyers must weigh various considerations in determining how to obtain mobile phone data or limit the government’s access to data. When can the government compel a client to provide the passcode to a mobile device? What is the significance of whether an executive’s mobile phone is owned by the executive or the corporation? This article provides tips about obtaining, protecting, preserving, and reviewing data on mobile phones.
10 Lessons for Trying White Collar Criminal Cases
White collar cases are complex, and the clients in these cases are often part of society’s higher social strata. From “being bold” at the first meeting with the client to dealing with the client’s desire to talk to the press, veteran defense attorney Jim Brosnahan offers 10 tips that will make a white collar representation smoother.
- Book Review: In the Lions’ Den: The Penn State Scandal and a Rush to Judgment by Graham Spanier
The Importance of Arguing for a ‘Split’ Sentence for White Collar Offenders
Facing Sentencing Guidelines Above Zone C
How can defense counsel utilize a provision within the Criminal Code, implemented by the Sentencing Guidelines, that allows for a split sentence in Zone D cases through the post-imprisonment condition of supervised release? Joseph A. DeMaria and Marissa Koblitz Kingman explain how to argue for the Zone D split sentence.
Taking the Profit Out of Crime: Forfeiture
Part I: The Basics
According to the government, the goal of forfeiture is to take the profit out of crime. The government seeks to take private assets – including cash and real property – that it claims constitute the proceeds of criminal activity. Steven L. Kessler discusses some of the basics every attorney should know about forfeiture.
What Does It Mean to ‘Exert Pressure’ Under McDonnell?
McDonnell v. United States provided a small dose of clarity to the issue of “official acts” under federal anti-bribery law, but confusion remains regarding some issues, such as what it means to “exert pressure.” The ambiguity left in McDonnell’s wake means that criminal defense lawyers will be responsible for waging the fight to clarify the boundaries of corruption prosecutions.
Saving Hippocrates: The Supreme Court and the CDC Add to the Defense Arsenal
in Doctor-Prescribing Prosecutions
Doctors can breathe a partial sigh of relief after the decision in Ruan v. United States; the U.S. Supreme Court held that prosecutors must show more than mere negligence or malpractice to make a felon out of a physician. In addition, new guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on opioid prescribing promises to make it much harder to prosecute – and easier to defend – doctors.
- White Collar Crime Policy: DOJ Issues New Corporate Guidelines and Pilot Program
Lessons Learned From the Government’s Dismissal of a 93-Count Superseding Indictment
Against a Company and Dozens of Individuals
The Story of United States v. Rocket Learning, LLC
A post-indictment dismissal is rare. The authors walk readers through United States v. Rocket Learning, pointing out that the government’s retreat in the fraudulent billing case was bittersweet because a profitable business is defunct, and dozens of employees are still picking up the pieces of their lives.
- The Trump Appointees and the Federal-State Balance in the Prosecution of Crime
White Collar Crime Policy: Federal Restitution Law: What to Watch For and What to Avoid
Cases that end in conviction are often accompanied by an order of restitution. A restitution order can be a burden on a person for years even after a prison sentence has been served and a term of probation has been completed. Practitioners should pay attention to several key issues in order to zealously advocate for their clients – even after conviction and sentencing.
Property Fraud in the Intangible Age
Federal statutes should provide a person of ordinary intelligence fair notice of what is prohibited, but the term “property” is undefined by the federal fraud statutes. The internet, untethered digital currency, and the metaverse are raising questions about the traditional understandings of things and possessions. Legislators need to provide greater clarity about how older statutes apply to newer concepts.
When Silence Is Not So Golden
Public Statements Clauses and Interference With a Defendant’s Right to Present a Vigorous Defense
Andrew S. Boutros and Jay Schleppenbach discuss the proliferation of clauses in corporate deferred prosecution agreements and settlement agreements barring company representatives from publicly denying the factual basis of the plea or deferred prosecution agreement. Do these so-called “public statements clauses” interfere with the right to present a defense?
Non-Prosecution, Deferred Prosecution, and Pretrial Diversion Agreements: Just Say No to Pleas
Deferred prosecution agreements are almost exclusively used in corporate prosecutions, but they are occasionally offered to individuals. Non-prosecution agreements, on the other hand, may be easily obtained for fact witnesses when defense counsel does not want to take the chance that a client is more culpable than originally thought. What are the most critical factors that influence prosecutors to enter into an NPA or a DPA?
Long Overdue: Fifth Amendment Protection for Corporate Officers
Professor Tracey Maclin examines and challenges the collective entity rule, which is the Supreme Court’s long-standing view that an individual who works for a company is not protected by the Fifth Amendment when compelled to produce incriminating records that belong to the company. Maclin says the collective entity rule defies the text of the Fifth Amendment, the common law history of the privilege, and the Court’s Fifth Amendment precedents.
- Perspective: Takeaways From the Elizabeth Holmes Verdict
More Bite Than Just Bark: Using Model Rule 4.2’s No-Contact Rule
to Limit the Government’s Contact With Employees of a Represented Company
Andrew Boutros and John Schleppenbach provide practical guidance for white collar practitioners concerning when ABA Model Rule of Professional Conduct 4.2 prohibits the government from contacting and trying to interview employees of a represented corporation. The government may disagree with defense counsel’s interpretation of the rule. At the very least, however, providing notice of corporate representation should open a dialogue that prevents unpleasant surprises with regard to contacts with corporate employees.
Get Smart! The Smartphone Conundrum in Internal Investigations
Whether a defense attorney in an internal investigation represents an employer or an employee, it is imperative that the attorney is prepared for the issues that arise when collecting data from a personal smartphone. The authors outline the nearly infinite universe of potentially collectible data that exists within smartphones. Also, they provide an overview of the rights and interests of the employer and employee. Finally, the authors provide a cautionary note about the scope of internal investigations in which a private company becomes a de facto arm of the government.
- Lessons Learned From the Government’s Dismissal of a 93-Count Superseding Indictment
News of Interest
- "Unions want U.S. Supreme Court to curtail federal bribery statute,"
- "Kansas law enforcement, ad hoc coalition clash on House, Senate civil asset forfeiture bills,"
- "Nevada Supreme Court won’t rule on civil forfeiture challenge after settlement,"