Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results
Moore v. Stirling
Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers in Support of Petitioner (On Petition for a Writ of Certiorari).
Argument: Martinez recognized that its equitable remedy is necessary to ensure that state post-conviction counsel adequately protects the Sixth Amendment right to counsel. The right to effective assistance of counsel is a bedrock principle in our criminal justice system. Martinez mandates federal judicial review of trial counsel ineffectiveness where state post-conviction counsel performed in a constitutionally deficient manner. The Fourth Circuit’s application of “Fair Presentation” principles eviscerates Martinez. Certiorari is warranted to provide clarity to lower courts and practitioners, and enforce this Court’s mandate in Martinez. Courts of Appeals are divided on how to apply Martinez. Lower courts and practitioners require guidance on how the Supreme Court interprets Martinez.
Davila v. Davis
Brief for the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and the American Civil Liberties Union as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner.
Argument: Ineffective assistance of counsel in an initial-review collateral proceeding should excuse the default of a substantial ineffective-assistance-of-appellate-counsel claim. The right to effective appellate counsel is critically important to the fair administration of criminal justice. Defendants cannot raise ineffective assistance of appellate counsel on direct appeal and are ill-equipped to present that claim on collateral review without counsel’s assistance. Unless Martinez applies to appellate-ineffectiveness claims, attorney error in the initial-review collateral proceeding will likely deprive the prisoner of any opportunity for review.
Johnson v. Carpenter
Brief of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioner (on Petition for Writ of Certiorari).
Argument: The circuit split makes Rule 60(b)'s safety valve of relief from judgment in "extraordinary" cases available only to prisoners in certain circuits. Deciding whether Martinez and Trevino can ever for part of the basis for "extraordinary circumstances" justifying Rule 60(b) relief is particularly important in capital cases. Gonzalez held that intervening supreme court decisions are not sufficient for Rule 60(b) relief, but did not hold such decisions could not form part of the basis for such relief.