The Champion

November 2007 , Page 48 

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Grid & Bear It

By Henry J. Sadowski

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Interaction of Federal and State Sentences When the Federal Defendant Is Under State Primary Jurisdiction

This article details how the Federal Bureau of Prisons computes federal sentences imposed when the defendant is under the primary custodial jurisdiction of state authorities. This is probably the single most confusing and least understood federal sentencing issue. To place this discussion into context, basic sentencing principles will be discussed and then applied to state and federal sentencing interaction. The policy of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) concerning where the federal sentence is served will also be addressed.

Basic Federal Sentence Computation Decisions

In any computation of a federal sentence, two separate decisions must be made: when the federal sentence commences and to what extent the defendant can receive credit for time spent in custody prior to commencement of sentence.1 For offenses committed prior to November 1, 1987, each of these decisions i

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