United States v. Estrella

Brief of Amicus Curiae National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers in Support of En Banc and Panel Rehearing

Brief filed: 08/31/2023


United States v. Estrella

9th Circuit Court of Appeals; Case No. 22-10027


The panel decision in United States v. Estrella, 69 F.4th 958 (9th Cir. 2023), greatly expanded police authority by permitting officers to conduct suspicionless stops and searches upon mere probable cause to believe that a person is on parole, diluting the knowledge requirement that this Court had previously imposed. Amicus curiae the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL) urges the Court to grant rehearing. The record contains no support for the panel’s conclusion that requiring knowledge of parole status “would create practical problems for everyday police work.”


Sarah Peterson and Marcia Valadez Valente, Coblentz Patch Duffy & Bass LLP, San Francisco, CA

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