Brief filed: 10/20/2016
Simpson v. Arizona & Martinez v. Arizona
Arizona Supreme Court; Case No. CR-16-0227-PR
Decision below in Arizona Court of Appeals, Div. 1, No. 1 CA-SA 15-0292 (consolidated with No. 1 CA-SA 15-0295).
Categorical denials of the right to bail run afoul of due process. Courts have emphasized that pretrial liberty is the norm since U.S. v. Salerno. Hearings to determine whether "the proof is evident or the presumption is great" do not satisfy due process requirements as they violate the presumption of innocence. Arizona's categorical bail denial law is an outlier despite the well-established tradition nationwide of release in noncapital cases. Pretrial detention causes widespread, irreparable, and unnecessary harm.
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Kathleen E. Brody, ACLU Foundation of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ; Andrea Woods and Ezekiel Edwards, ACLU Foundation Criminal Law Reform Project, New York, NY; Anne Chapman, Mitchell Stein Carey PC, Phoenix, AZ.