NACDL - Quarles v. United States

Quarles v. United States

Brief of Amicus Curiae National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers in Support of Petitioner (On Petition for Writ of Certiorari).

Brief filed: 12/28/2017

Documents

Quarles v. United States

United States Supreme Court; Case No. 17-778

Prior Decision

Decision below 850 F.3d 836 (6th Cir. Mar. 10, 2017), denied rehearing and rehearing en banc via 826 F.3d 214 (5th Cir. June 10, 2016).

Argument

This case presents a threshold question under the categorical approach: What are the elements of generic burglary? Petitioner’s case involves an entrenched split on whether criminal intent must exist when a trespass begins. The circuit split implicates numerous state burglary statutes. The Sixth Circuit’s approach to generic burglary has widespread and serious practical consequences. Interpretation of the “remaining in” element of generic burglary affects all state burglary ACCA predicates. ACCA mandatory minimums are common and are frequently predicated on state burglary offenses. The Sixth Circuit’s approach greatly expands the scope of conduct that will trigger mandatory minimum sentences under ACCA.

Author(s)

Thomas M. Bondy and Alyssa Barnard, Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP, Washington, DC; Jeffrey T. Green, NACDL, Washington, DC.