- United States v. Chatrie E.D. VA Ruling (2022)
- Geofence Search Warrant
- Motion to Suppress Geofence Warrant
- Defendant's Reply - Motion to Suppress
- Supplemental Motion to Suppress
- Post-Hearing Supplemental Motion to Suppress
- Post-Hearing Reply - Motion to Suppress
- United States v. Chatrie March 4, 2022 Transcript
- United States v. Chatrie March 5, 2022 Transcript
- 4th Circuit Appeal Brief
- Joint Appendix
- EFF and NYU Tech, Law & Policy Clinic Amicus Brief
- ACLU, ACLU VA, and Eight Federal Public Defender Offices within the Fourth Circuit Amicus Brief
- Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press Amicus Brief
- Geofence Discovery Motion
- Motion to Seal Raw Data Returns Provided by Google
- Supplemental Brief on the Application of Brady and Rule 16 to a Suppression Hearing
- Defendant's Reply to Government's Supplemental Brief
- Amicus Brief by Google, LLC In Support of Neither Party
- Defendant's Response to Google's Amicus Brief
Subpoena to Google
- Motion for Subpoena Duces Tecum
- Order Granting Subpoena to Google
- Google Affidavits Responding to Subpoena
- Motion for a Second Subpoena Duces Tecum
- Defendant's Supplemental Response Regarding Standing
"[Chatrie's] lawyers, including Michael Price, the lead litigator of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers’ Fourth Amendment Center, argued that the geofence warrant violated the Constitution and that the information police got from it should be thrown out."
"Lawyers for Okello Chatrie, a suspect in a Virginia bank robbery, are questioning the legality of a geofence warrant that led to Chatrie’s arrest. Google declined to take a position on his case but, in an amicus brief, called a geofence request 'an uniquely broad search of all Google users' timelines.'"
"Roughly one-third of all Google users opted in as of last year, according to the company’s filings in the case, sending information related to tens or potentially hundreds of millions of people to a database known internally as Sensorvault. A Google representative declined to provide precise numbers."
"No matter how it is decided, United States v. Chatrie will likely spark other cases. If some succeed and are appealed, that would bump the issue up to the higher courts and maybe — especially if judges disagree — into a Supreme Court case that changes the law. A flurry of litigation might also convince lawmakers to pass federal legislation that either bans geofence warrants or spells out how they should be executed."
Do Geofence Warrants Violate the Fourth Amendment?
Nathaniel Sobel, Lawfare
Defense challenges use of Google location data from everyone in vicinity of Hull Street Road bank robbery
Frank Green, Richmond Times-Dispatch
Alleged bank robber accuses police of illegally using Google location data to catch him.
Deanna Paul, Washington Post
What Is A Geofence Warrant? Bank Robbery Accused Snagged Using Google Maps Location Data.
Hercules Reyes, International Business Times
Police used Google location data to find an accused bank robber. He says that's illegal.
Jon Schuppe, NBC News
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