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Without Intent Report & Online Appendix

Without Intent Cover

The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and The Heritage Foundation jointly undertook an unprecedented look at the federal legislative process for all studied non-violent criminal offenses introduced in the 109th Congress in 2003 and 2006. This study revealed that offenses with inadequate mens rea requirements are ubiquitous at all stages of the legislatives process: Over 57 percent of the offenses introduced, and 64 percent of those enacted into law, contained inadequate mens rea requirements, putting the innocent at risk of criminal punishment. Compounding the problem, this study also found consistently poor legislative drafting and broad delegation of Congress's authority to make criminal law to unaccountable regulators.

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Official Release Event

NACDL Executive Director Norman L. Reimer on The Problem of Overcriminalization, May 5, 2010.

Press Release

Congress Is Eroding Criminal Intent: NACDL and Heritage Release Groundbreaking Report and Recommendations on Capitol Hill  

Report Materials

Without Intent Fact Sheet 

Without Intent Executive Summary 

Without Intent Report 

Online Appendix

Offenses Appendix Part One: Studied Offenses Originating in the U.S. House 

Offenses Appendix Part Two: Studied Offenses Originating in the U.S. Senate 

Correlation Appendix 

NACDL Executive Director Norman Reimer on Overcriminalization



Norman Reimer, Executive Director of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL), speaking on the problem of overcriminalization at a May 5, 2010, press conference at the U.S. Capitol marking Law Day 2010 and the launch of NACDL and The Heritage Foundation’s groundbreaking report, Without Intent: How Congress Is Eroding the Criminal Intent Requirement in Federal Law

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