Washington, DC, December 15, 1995 -- "Forced drug testing of every citizen who's arrested raises troubling Fourth Amendment questions, and it's a blatant violation of the Eighth Amendment," declared Robert Fogelnest, president of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL), today in response to President Clinton's announcement that he will order drug testing as a condition of bail for all federal arrestees.
"If you're arrested, you're presumed innocent, and the Eighth Amendment says you have a right to be freed pending trial. The only exceptions are if a judge finds that a person is dangerous or might not show up for trial," Fogelnest explained.
"U.S. Attorneys have no right to make your willingness to take a drug test a condition of release or an issue at a bail hearing. Under our Constitution, that's not a permissible reason for a judge to keep citizens in jail. There's no room in American law for prolonging detention as a 'penalty' for not taking a drug test. It's Orwellian; next, they'll want to stop us all on the street and order us to urinate into bottles," Fogelnest added. "What has become of the notion of freedom in our American democracy?"
President Clinton is expected to sign an executive order Monday directing Attorney General Reno to order the drug tests.
"The President, I'm sad to say, must have Bosnia on his brain," Fogelnest commented. "I suspect this is a reaction to some staffer reminding him that he hasn't renewed his "war on drugs" credentials lately."
Pattern Cross-Examination of Expert Witnesses: A Trial Strategy & Resource Guide
In a criminal trial, cross-examination of the prosecution’s forensic expert may make the difference between victory or defeat.
2020 Sample Motions Collection Update
NACDL’s 2020 Sample Motions Collection is the follow-up to our wildly popular 2019 Sample Motions Collection and contains the newest and most recent additions to our ever-expanding Sample Motions library.
State v. Stone - A Case Study on Child Sexual Molestation & Sexual Battery
The criminal defense attorney tasked with defending such a case has to be prepared to not only show reasonable doubt, but to answer this question: If it did not happen, how is it that the child believes it did happen?
POZNER ON CROSS: Advanced Cross of Experts & Officers in DUI Cases
It’s not your strong opening argument. It’s not how many of your impassioned objections the judge sustains. It’s not even how you tie your theory of the case together with a dazzling closing statement bow. What wins your trial is your cross.
This is a sponsored ad
Generating Qualified Leads for NACDL Attorneys
NACDL Communications Department
The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers is the preeminent organization advancing the mission of the criminal defense bar to ensure justice and due process for persons accused of crime or wrongdoing. A professional bar association founded in 1958, NACDL's many thousands of direct members in 28 countries – and 90 state, provincial and local affiliate organizations totaling up to 40,000 attorneys – include private criminal defense lawyers, public defenders, military defense counsel, law professors and judges committed to preserving fairness and promoting a rational and humane criminal justice system.