Independent Board (6)
- South Carolina*
Shared Power (20)
Governor on Board (4)
Gatekeeper Board (9)
- Massachusetts **
- New Hampshire
- Rhode Island **
Advisory Board (8)
- California ***
Consultation Authorized by Law (21)
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
No Formal Advisory Process (5)
- District of Columbia
- Federal System
* In Alabama and South Carolina the governor remains responsible for clemency in capital cases, and in Idaho the governor must approve the board’s decision to pardon certain serious crimes.
**In Rhode Island, the senate must advise and consent to every pardon. In Massachusetts the Executive Council must approve.
*** In California, the governor is required to consult with the parole board and seek approval of the state supreme court in recidivist cases only.
Pattern Cross-Examination of Expert Witnesses: A Trial Strategy & Resource Guide
In a criminal trial, cross-examination of the prosecution’s forensic expert may make the difference between victory or defeat.
2020 Sample Motions Collection Update
NACDL’s 2020 Sample Motions Collection is the follow-up to our wildly popular 2019 Sample Motions Collection and contains the newest and most recent additions to our ever-expanding Sample Motions library.
State v. Stone - A Case Study on Child Sexual Molestation & Sexual Battery
The criminal defense attorney tasked with defending such a case has to be prepared to not only show reasonable doubt, but to answer this question: If it did not happen, how is it that the child believes it did happen?
POZNER ON CROSS: Advanced Cross of Experts & Officers in DUI Cases
It’s not your strong opening argument. It’s not how many of your impassioned objections the judge sustains. It’s not even how you tie your theory of the case together with a dazzling closing statement bow. What wins your trial is your cross.
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