About the Fourth Amendment Center

NACDL's Fourth Amendment Center offers direct assistance to defense lawyers handling cases involving new surveillance tools, technologies and tactics that infringe on the constitutional rights of people in America. The Center is available to help members of the defense bar in bringing new Fourth Amendment challenges, providing a range of support: from training and resources to expert consultation and direct litigation, all free of charge.


Jumana Musa

Michael Price
Senior Litigation Counsel

Aisha Dennis
Staff Attorney

Wendy Lee
Research & Education Associate

Jordan Murov-Goodman
Legal Fellow

Tech Advisory Board

The Fourth Amendment Center Tech Advisory Board is composed of eight subject-matter experts, technologists, and defense lawyers who help ensure that Fourth Amendment case law evolves to keep pace with emerging technologies.

Learn more about the Board here.

Who We Are

Jumana Musa, Director

Jumana Musa is a human rights attorney and racial justice activist. She is currently the Director of the Fourth Amendment Center at the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. As director, Ms. Musa oversees NACDL’s initiative to build a new, more durable Fourth Amendment legal doctrine for the digital age. The Fourth Amendment Center educates the defense bar on privacy challenges in the digital age, provides a dynamic toolkit of resources to help lawyers identify opportunities to challenge government surveillance, and establishes a tactical litigation support network to assist in key cases. Ms. Musa previously served as NACDL’s Sr. Privacy and National Security Counsel.

Prior to joining NACDL, Ms. Musa served as a policy consultant for the Southern Border Communities Coalition, a coalition of over 60 groups across the southwest that address militarization and brutality by U.S. Customs and Border Protection agents in border communities. Previously, she served as Deputy Director for the Rights Working Group, a national coalition of civil rights, civil liberties, human rights, and immigrant rights advocates where she coordinated the “Face the Truth” campaign against racial profiling. She was also the Advocacy Director for Domestic Human Rights and International Justice at Amnesty International USA, where she addressed the domestic and international impact of U.S. counterterrorism efforts on human rights. She was one of the first human rights attorneys allowed to travel to the naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and served as Amnesty International’s legal observer at military commission proceedings on the base.

Ms. Musa has also worked as a policy attorney for the National Network to End Domestic Violence and handled international relations and immigration issues as a fellow in the office of Congressman Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. As an adjunct professor at Georgetown University’s Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, she taught the course “Human Rights in the Middle East and North Africa.” In 2016, Ms. Musa received the Ralph Johns Civil Rights Award from the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee in recognition of her work. Ms. Musa holds a BA in International Relations from Brown University and a JD from Georgetown University Law Center.

Michael Price, Senior Litigation Counsel

Michael Price serves as Senior Litigation Counsel for the Fourth Amendment Center at NACDL, which provides the defense bar with resources and litigation support designed to preserve privacy rights in the digital age. Michael focuses on cutting-edge Fourth Amendment issues including the “third-party doctrine,” location tracking, device searches, parallel construction, and government hacking. He provides trainings and direct legal assistance to equip defense lawyers with the tools they need to ensure that the Fourth Amendment keeps pace with emerging technologies.

Michael previously served as Senior Counsel for the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law. As part of the Liberty and National Security program, Michael worked to oppose discriminatory surveillance and immigration practices, developed legislation to enhance oversight and accountability for the NYPD, and co-authored numerous amicus briefs in cases involving electronic surveillance and privacy issues, including United States v. Jones, Riley v. California, and Carpenter v. United States.

From 2008-2011, Michael was the National Security Coordinator for NACDL, where he provided legal assistance for the defense of detainees in the military commissions at Guantanamo Bay. Michael is a frequent commentator on privacy and national security issues for national media outlets. He is the author of National Security and Local Police (2013) and Rethinking Privacy: Fourth Amendment “Papers” and the Third-Party Doctrine (2016). He holds a J.D. from NYU School of Law and a B.A. from Columbia University in Political Science and Middle East & Asian Languages and Cultures.

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Aisha Dennis, Staff Attorney

Aisha Dennis is a staff attorney for the Fourth Amendment Center at the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. Prior to joining NACDL, Aisha worked for nearly five years in the trial units of the Dallas and Houston (Texas) Federal Public Defender offices. Aisha has published an article in NACDL’s Champion Magazine on the topic of border searches of digital devices, and she has presented on the subject as well. As a federal trial attorney, she successfully litigated motions to suppress evidence derived from searches of cell phones and computers.

Aisha previously clerked for the Honorable J. Michelle Childs of the U.S. District Court for the District of South Carolina and the Honorable James E. Graves, Jr. of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. She holds a B.A. in Government from Harvard College and a J.D. from New York University School of Law.               

Wendy Lee, Research Associate

Wendy Lee serves as the Research & Education Associate for the Fourth Amendment Center, identifying and examining emerging surveillance technologies for the Fourth Amendment Center. As a member of the national affairs team, Wendy is responsible for editing reports and educational pieces, maintaining member resources, building relationships with key legal partners, and providing administrative support.

Prior to working at NACDL, Wendy interned at the Invisible Institute, the U.S. Department of Interior, and the UChicago Institute of Politics, in addition to editing and writing for The Chicago Maroon. Wendy received her B.A. from the University of Chicago, where she wrote her senior thesis on parental leave legislation and access to workplace flexibility in the United States.

Jordan Murov-Goodman, Legal Fellow

As the Fourth Amendment Center Legal Fellow, Jordan Murov-Goodman assists in advocacy and litigation efforts at the intersection of criminal defense, technology, and privacy. He comes to the NACDL after focusing on speech and surveillance issues as a legal fellow at the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. Jordan holds a B.A. in History from the University of Pennsylvania and received his J.D. from Columbia Law School.