Brief of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers as Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellee
Argument: Contrary expert opinion, taken alone, is insufficient to establish false statement or fraudulent intent beyond a reasonable doubt with respect to medical decisions that are inherently a matter of subjective professional judgment. Overturning the judgment below could lead to criminalizing legitimate exercises of medical judgment by physicians. Congress did not intent to criminalize legitimate, good faith medical practice. Disagreements among medical professionals in areas of medicine involving a significant degree of medical judgment can form the basis for civil liability or disciplinary sanctions, rather than criminal liability.