Pardoning Practices in the States

Frequent and Regular (grants more than 30% of applications) (14):

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Illinois*
  • Iowa
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota

Sparing (grants a low percentage of applications) (7)

  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Indiana
  • Minnesota
  • Texas
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

Irregular and/or Uneven (recent pardoning, but depends on incumbent governor) (8)

  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • New Mexico
  • Ohio
  • Virginia
  • Wisconsin

Infrequent/Rare (few/no pardons in past 20 years)(23)

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • District of Columbia
  • Federal system
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan**
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York**
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
  • Tennessee
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia

Notes

*Illinois makes the “frequent” list because of the unusual interest in pardoning by incumbent governor

** Michigan and New York make the “Infrequent/Rare” list despite some interest in pardoning by one recent governor

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