NACDL - Resources


Additional resources on racial disparities in the criminal justice system.

Reports Studies Journal Articles Champion Articles Books News Articles Videos, Webinars & Podcasts


Death Penalty Information Center, The Death Penalty in Black and White: Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Decides (1998). 
Death Penalty Information Center, Racial Disparities in Federal Death Penalty Prosecutions 1988-1994.
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Police Behavior during Traffic and Street Stops, 2011
War Comes Home: The Excessive Militarization of American Policing 
Collateral Damage: America’s Failure to Forgive or Forget in the War on Crime A Roadmap to Restore Rights and Status After Arrest or Conviction 
Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies 
Elizabeth Hinton, LeShae Henderson, and Cindy Reed. An Unjust Burden: The Disparate Treatment of Black Americans in the Criminal Justice System. New York: Vera Institute of Justice, 2018


A large-scale analysis of racial disparities in police stops across the United States (2019). 
Are Emily and Greg More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discriminaion (2003) 
On Racial Diversity and Group Decision Making: Identifying Multiple Effects of Racial Composition on Jury Deliberations 

Journal Articles

Andrea D. LyonRace Bias and the Importance of Consciousness for Criminal Defense Attorneys, 35 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 755 (2012). 
Angela J. Davis, Professor of Law; American University Washington College of Law - In Search of Racial Justice: The Role of the Prosecutor. 
David A. Harris, Distinguished Faculty Scholar and Professor of Law; University of Pittsburg School of Law - Across the Hudson: Taking The Stop and Frisk Debate Beyond New York City
Renée McDonald Hutchins, Associate Professor of Law; University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law - Stop Terry: Reasonable Suspicion, Race, and a Proposal to Limit Terry Stops.  
Cynthia E. Jones, Associate Professor; American University Washington College of Law - “Give Us Free”: Addressing Racial Disparities in Bail Determinations and Achieving Pretrial Justice.  
Michael Pinard, Professor; University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law - Criminal Records, Race and Redemption. 
Jonathan Rapping, Associate Professor; John Marshall Law School - Implicitly Unjust: How Defenders Can Affect Systemic Racist Assumptions. 
Andrew E. Taslitz, Professor of Law; American University Washington College of Law - “Curing” Own Race Bias: What Cognitive Science and the Henderson Case Teach About Improving Jurors’ Ability to Identify Race-Tainted Eyewitness Error
Osler, Mark William and Bennett, Mark W., A 'Holocaust in Slow Motion?' America's Mass Incarceration and the Role of Discretion (2014). 7 DePaul Journal for Social Justice 117 (2014); U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-30. 
Patricia G. Devine, Patrick S. Forscher, Anthony J. Austin and William T.L. Cox. Long-term reduction in implicit race bias: A prejudice habit-breaking intervention. 
L. Song Richardson and Phillip Atiba Goff. Implicit Racial Bias in Public Defender Triage (Law Review)

NACDL Champion Articles
Various Authors. Racial Disparities (July 2013). 
Brandon Buskey and Andrea Woods. Making Sense of Pretrial Risk Assessments (June 2018). 
James E. Coleman, Jr. The Persistence of Discrimination in Jury Selection: Lessons from North Carolina and Beyond (June 2018). 
Nazgol Ghandnoosh. How Defense Attorneys Can Eliminate Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice (June 2018).


Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do by Jennifer L.  Eberhardt 
Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People by Mahzarin R. Banagi and Anthony G. Greewald 
Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking by Malcolm Gladwell 
Rise of the Warrior Cop: The Militarization of America's Police Forces by Radley Balko 
Douglas A. Blackmon, Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II (New York: Anchor, 2009)
Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (New York: The New Press, 2010)

News Articles

Black Codes and Why They Matter Today 
Deadly Force in Black and White 
Dear White Folks, Please Stop Being So 'Surprised' When White Cops Shoot Unarmed Black People 
Do Public Defenders Spend Less Time on Black Clients? 
Teachers' implicit bias against black students stats in preschool, study finds 
When Whites Just Don’t Get It After Ferguson, Race Deserves More Attention, Not Less 
When Whites Just Don’t Get It-Part 2 
When Whites Just Don’t Get It-Part 3 
When 'Deshawn' and 'Greg' Act Out in Class, Guess Who Gets Branded a Troublemaker

Videos, Webinars & Podcasts

NACDL Race Matters I Summit video presentations (2017) 
Unconscious Bias Juror Video, Western District of Washington 
NACDL Webinar Under Seige: Police Militarization and Ethnic and Racial Dynamics - Panel I - The Issues 
NACDL Webinar Under Seige: Police Militaization and Ethnic and Racial Dynamics - Panel II - Community Perspective and Solutions 
The Criminal Docket Episode 31: Groundbreaking Report on Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Criminal Justice System - Part I 
The Criminal Docket Episode 33: Groundbreaking Report on Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Criminal Justice System - Part II 
The Criminal Docket Episode 34: Groundbreaking Report on Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Criminal Justice System - Part III 
Slavery to Mass Incarceration (EJI and Bryan Stevenson)
Discussions with DPIC - Professor Bharat Malkani Explores the Relationship Between Slavery and Slavery-Abolition Strategies and the Modern U.S. Death Penalty
Discussions with DPIC - Racial Discrimination in Death Penalty Jury Selection
Discussions with DPIC - The Duane Buck Case