Restoration of Rights Project

Prepared by Margaret Colgate Love 

NACDL is pleased to offer, as a resource for its members and as a service to the public, a collection of individual downloadable documents that profile the law and practice in each U.S. jurisdiction relating to relief from the collateral consequences of conviction.  The 54 jurisdictional profiles include provisions on loss and restoration of civil rights and firearms privileges, legal mechanisms for overcoming or mitigating collateral consequences, and provisions addressing non-discrimination in employment and licensing. In addition to the full profiles, there is a set of charts covering all 50 states (plus territories and the federal system) that provide a side-by-side comparison and make it possible to see national patterns in restoration laws and policies. The information covered by the charts is summarized on the page for each jurisdiction. These materials will be an enormous aid to lawyers in minimizing the collateral consequences suffered by clients and in restoring their rights and status. Read Ms. Love’s full introduction and description of the project.

Listen to the project overview

Criminal Docket Podcast 

Find your jurisdiction

Click on a jurisdiction to view the summary, access the full profile document, and link to the comparison charts.

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We are grateful to the many lawyers who helped prepare these materials for publication, and particularly to the law firm of Crowell & Moring LLP for its indispensable pro bono assistance.

Collat_Consequences.pngThese profiles and charts, prepared by NACDL member Margaret Love, are included in a treatise on collateral consequences published jointly by NACDL and Thompson Reuters (West). Margaret Colgate Love, Jenny Roberts & Cecelia M. Klingele, Collateral Consequences of a Criminal Conviction: Law, Policy and Practice (NACDL/West 2013). This treatise, the first of its kind to deal comprehensively with all aspects of a critical emerging practice area, was released on February 21, 2013.



The information in the profiles is solely for educational and informational purposes, and does not constitutelegal advice.  While every effort has been made to ensure its accuracy and currency, the law in this area is complex, voluminous, and constantly changing.  Therefore, users are cautioned to research and verify the information independently at an official source.   Nor does the interpretation of particular laws and rules on this website represent the official view of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers.  A date at the top of each profile and chart indicates the last time it was revised.  


Comments and contributions are warmly welcomed by the author, who intends to update these materials regularly as developments in the law warrant and new information becomes available.


Law Office of Margaret Love,

The following lawyers from Crowell & Moring LLP assisted in reviewing the profiles and charts: Harry Cohen, Ariel Applebaum, Christine Cwiertny, Tim Hughes, Michelle Jones, M. Kay Martin, David Mayberry, Brian O’Sullivan, Elaine Panagakos, Arlen Pyenson, Stephan Daniel Rice, Mike Robles, Chiemi Suzuki, Rachel Talbot, Kelly Tsai, Carolyn Wagner, Tacie Yoon.  The following law students also assisted: from the Washington College of Law, American University, Joshua Gaines ‘12, Diana Pak ‘12, and Marcella Coyne ’13, research assistants to Professor Jenny Roberts; from the University of Toledo School of Law, Katherine Greene ’13.  Zachary Ista, Washington College of Law ’12, provided valuable assistance in connection with preparing the “postcard” summaries for each state.  Last but by no means least, Gray Proctor did more than his share at a time when there were no other hands on deck.

Additional Resources

Collateral Consequences Resource Center 


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