Clarence Earl Gideon born in Hannibal, Missouri.
Gideon arrested on suspicion of breaking into poolroom in Panama City, Florida.
Pro se defendant Gideon denied appointed counsel, convicted of felony breaking and entering and misdemeanor theft.
Gideon sentenced to five years for breaking and entering, a felony, and misdemeanor theft of wine, beer, and coins from cigarette machine and jukebox.
Gideon’s handwritten petition for certiorari arrived at the U.S. Supreme Court. It was Gideon’s second petition; the first failed to include a pauper’s affidavit.
Supreme Court orders Florida to respond to petition for certiorari.
Florida attorney general files brief in opposition to petition for certiorari.
Certiorari granted. Question Presented: Should Betts v. Brady be reconsidered?
Abe Fortas appointed by the Supreme Court to represent Gideon.
Oral argument (two and one-half hours) in Gideon v. Wainwright.
Gideon v. Wainwright decided. Held: Assistance of counsel is a fundamental right essential to a fair trial; Gideon’s conviction is reversed.
Florida Supreme Court orders new trial for Gideon.
Two years after first trial, Gideon, represented by Fred Turner, is found not guilty.
Clarence Earl Gideon died.
Photos: (Gideon’s portrait) Arnold & Porter; (Gideon’s mug shoot) State Archives of Florida; (Abe Fortas) Library of Congress; (Supreme Court) John Wesley Hall; (Gideon’s gravestone) Daniel Dodson