Pardoning Practices in the States

Frequent and Regular (grants more than 30% of applications) (15):

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • California *
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Illinois*
  • Iowa
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota

Sparing (process regular, grants small percentage of applications) (9)

  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Indiana
  • Maryland
  • Minnesota
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

Infrequent/Uneven (pardoning depends on incumbent governor) (5)

  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • New Mexico
  • Ohio
  • Wisconsin

Infrequent/Rare (few/no pardons in past 20 years) (23)

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • District of Columbia
  • Federal system
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan**
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York**
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
  • Tennessee
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia

Notes

*Illinois makes the “Frequent and Regular” list because of the atypical number of pardons granted by the incumbent governor and the regularity of the pardon process. California makes it because of a resumption of regular pardoning by its current governor, even though only a small percentage of those who apply are granted. 

** Michigan and New York make the “Infrequent/Rare” list despite some interest in pardoning by one recent governor

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